White men ?2.9% 3.7% 12.4% 10.7% 9.0% 8.3% 6.9%? White women ?2.8% ?3.6% 15.0% 13.1% 10.3% 9.6% 7.3%? Black men 5.8% 7.0% 16.1% 15.5% 16.3% 15.2% 13.2%? Black women 4.8% 5.2% 16.4% 16.5% 14.0% 13.5% 12.0%? Latino men 3.2% 5.1% 16.7% 15.1% 12.8% 11.4% 9.8%? Latina women 4.9% 6.0% 20.2% 19.0% 15.3% 14.0% 10.5%?

 

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Note:?Workers, age 20 years and over.?Race and ethnic categories are not mutually exclusive. White and Black data do not exclude Latinx workers of each race. Unemployment levels are labeled for February, the current month, and the peak in-between.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Household Data Table A-2, and Table A-3.

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Nominal wage growth spikes from compositional shifts in the COVID-19 economy, 2007–2020

Date All nonfarm employees Production/nonsupervisory workers
Mar-2007 3.39% 4.11%
Apr-2007 3.07% 3.85%
May-2007 3.53% 4.08%
Jun-2007 3.61% 4.19%
Jul-2007 3.25% 4.11%
Aug-2007 3.40% 4.04%
Sep-2007 3.09% 4.09%
Oct-2007 3.03% 3.84%
Nov-2007 3.13% 3.89%
Dec-2007 2.97% 3.81%
Jan-2008 2.91% 3.74%
Feb-2008 2.85% 3.79%
Mar-2008 3.09% 3.83%
Apr-2008 2.79% 3.76%
May-2008 3.02% 3.75%
Jun-2008 2.72% 3.50%
Jul-2008 3.01% 3.67%
Aug-2008 3.33% 3.89%
Sep-2008 3.23% 3.64%
Oct-2008 3.32% 3.81%
Nov-2008 3.60% 3.86%
Dec-2008 3.59% 3.90%
Jan-2009 3.68% 3.78%
Feb-2009 3.43% 3.60%
Mar-2009 3.28% 3.47%
Apr-2009 3.37% 3.35%
May-2009 2.93% 3.06%
Jun-2009 2.83% 2.94%
Jul-2009 2.73% 2.71%
Aug-2009 2.44% 2.70%
Sep-2009 2.49% 2.75%
Oct-2009 2.53% 2.68%
Nov-2009 2.19% 2.68%
Dec-2009 1.91% 2.45%
Jan-2010 2.00% 2.61%
Feb-2010 2.09% 2.55%
Mar-2010 1.77% 2.22%
Apr-2010 1.81% 2.38%
May-2010 1.95% 2.59%
Jun-2010 1.81% 2.48%
Jul-2010 1.85% 2.42%
Aug-2010 1.75% 2.36%
Sep-2010 1.84% 2.19%
Oct-2010 1.93% 2.45%
Nov-2010 1.65% 2.18%
Dec-2010 1.79% 2.07%
Jan-2011 1.96% 2.33%
Feb-2011 1.87% 2.12%
Mar-2011 1.87% 2.12%
Apr-2011 1.91% 2.11%
May-2011 2.04% 2.10%
Jun-2011 2.13% 2.05%
Jul-2011 2.26% 2.26%
Aug-2011 1.99% 1.88%
Sep-2011 1.94% 1.94%
Oct-2011 2.07% 1.88%
Nov-2011 1.98% 1.82%
Dec-2011 1.98% 1.77%
Jan-2012 1.71% 1.40%
Feb-2012 1.75% 1.45%
Mar-2012 2.14% 1.71%
Apr-2012 2.05% 1.65%
May-2012 1.74% 1.39%
Jun-2012 1.96% 1.60%
Jul-2012 1.77% 1.39%
Aug-2012 1.82% 1.39%
Sep-2012 1.99% 1.54%
Oct-2012 1.51% 1.18%
Nov-2012 1.94% 1.43%
Dec-2012 2.24% 1.74%
Jan-2013 2.24% 1.79%
Feb-2013 2.15% 2.04%
Mar-2013 1.93% 1.88%
Apr-2013 2.05% 1.83%
May-2013 2.14% 1.88%
Jun-2013 2.17% 2.03%
Jul-2013 2.00% 2.03%
Aug-2013 2.30% 2.18%
Sep-2013 2.08% 2.28%
Oct-2013 2.25% 2.32%
Nov-2013 2.24% 2.37%
Dec-2013 1.85% 2.21%
Jan-2014 1.89% 2.26%
Feb-2014 2.31% 2.55%
Mar-2014 2.10% 2.45%
Apr-2014 1.97% 2.35%
May-2014 2.13% 2.44%
Jun-2014 1.96% 2.24%
Jul-2014 2.09% 2.33%
Aug-2014 2.16% 2.48%
Sep-2014 2.08% 2.17%
Oct-2014 2.03% 2.22%
Nov-2014 2.03% 2.22%
Dec-2014 1.99% 1.77%
Jan-2015 2.15% 2.01%
Feb-2015 1.89% 1.46%
Mar-2015 2.18% 1.85%
Apr-2015 2.26% 1.95%
May-2015 2.30% 2.19%
Jun-2015 2.21% 2.14%
Jul-2015 2.12% 2.04%
Aug-2015 2.24% 1.98%
Sep-2015 2.24% 2.13%
Oct-2015 2.48% 2.37%
Nov-2015 2.39% 2.12%
Dec-2015 2.52% 2.61%
Jan-2016 2.55% 2.45%
Feb-2016 2.42% 2.60%
Mar-2016 2.46% 2.49%
Apr-2016 2.57% 2.58%
May-2016 2.48% 2.29%
Jun-2016 2.60% 2.48%
Jul-2016 2.80% 2.62%
Aug-2016 2.47% 2.51%
Sep-2016 2.63% 2.51%
Oct-2016 2.74% 2.41%
Nov-2016 2.65% 2.45%
Dec-2016 2.65% 2.45%
Jan-2017 2.52% 2.35%
Feb-2017 2.76% 2.44%
Mar-2017 2.59% 2.24%
Apr-2017 2.51% 2.24%
May-2017 2.46% 2.33%
Jun-2017 2.50% 2.32%
Jul-2017 2.57% 2.32%
Aug-2017 2.57% 2.31%
Sep-2017 2.87% 2.59%
Oct-2017 2.32% 2.21%
Nov-2017 2.47% 2.35%
Dec-2017 2.70% 2.48%
Jan-2018 2.73% 2.52%
Feb-2018 2.57% 2.47%
Mar-2018 2.80% 2.79%
Apr-2018 2.83% 2.83%
May-2018 2.94% 2.91%
Jun-2018 2.93% 2.91%
Jul-2018 2.85% 2.85%
Aug-2018 3.18% 3.08%
Sep-2018 3.02% 2.97%
Oct-2018 3.32% 3.25%
Nov-2018 3.35% 3.46%
Dec-2018 3.38% 3.54%
Jan-2019 3.26% 3.35%
Feb-2019 3.51% 3.53%
Mar-2019 3.43% 3.51%
Apr-2019 3.34% 3.46%
May-2019 3.30% 3.58%
Jun-2019 3.40% 3.53%
Jul-2019 3.47% 3.65%
Aug-2019 3.45% 3.73%
Sep-2019 3.11% 3.67%
Oct-2019 3.22% 3.76%
Nov-2019 3.28% 3.52%
Dec-2019 3.01% 3.25%
Jan-2020 3.08% 3.33%
Feb-2020 3.00% 3.32%
Mar-2020 3.35% 3.52%
Apr-2020 7.98% 7.67%
May-2020 6.57% 6.62%
Jun-2020 4.86% 5.41%
Jul-2020 4.78% 4.63%
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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Statistics public data series

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Employment-to-population ratio of workers ages 25–54, 1989–2020

Date Employment to population ratio
Jan-1989 80.0%
Feb-1989 79.9%
Mar-1989 79.9%
Apr-1989 79.8%
May-1989 79.8%
Jun-1989 79.8%
Jul-1989 79.8%
Aug-1989 79.9%
Sep-1989 80.0%
Oct-1989 79.9%
Nov-1989 80.2%
Dec-1989 80.1%
Jan-1990 80.2%
Feb-1990 80.2%
Mar-1990 80.1%
Apr-1990 79.9%
May-1990 79.9%
Jun-1990 79.8%
Jul-1990 79.6%
Aug-1990 79.5%
Sep-1990 79.4%
Oct-1990 79.4%
Nov-1990 79.2%
Dec-1990 79.0%
Jan-1991 78.9%
Feb-1991 78.9%
Mar-1991 78.7%
Apr-1991 79.0%
May-1991 78.6%
Jun-1991 78.7%
Jul-1991 78.6%
Aug-1991 78.5%
Sep-1991 78.6%
Oct-1991 78.5%
Nov-1991 78.4%
Dec-1991 78.3%
Jan-1992 78.4%
Feb-1992 78.2%
Mar-1992 78.2%
Apr-1992 78.4%
May-1992 78.4%
Jun-1992 78.5%
Jul-1992 78.4%
Aug-1992 78.4%
Sep-1992 78.3%
Oct-1992 78.2%
Nov-1992 78.2%
Dec-1992 78.2%
Jan-1993 78.2%
Feb-1993 78.1%
Mar-1993 78.2%
Apr-1993 78.2%
May-1993 78.5%
Jun-1993 78.6%
Jul-1993 78.6%
Aug-1993 78.8%
Sep-1993 78.6%
Oct-1993 78.7%
Nov-1993 79.0%
Dec-1993 79.0%
Jan-1994 78.9%
Feb-1994 78.9%
Mar-1994 78.9%
Apr-1994 79.0%
May-1994 79.2%
Jun-1994 78.8%
Jul-1994 79.1%
Aug-1994 79.2%
Sep-1994 79.6%
Oct-1994 79.6%
Nov-1994 79.8%
Dec-1994 79.8%
Jan-1995 79.7%
Feb-1995 80.0%
Mar-1995 79.9%
Apr-1995 79.8%
May-1995 79.7%
Jun-1995 79.5%
Jul-1995 79.7%
Aug-1995 79.6%
Sep-1995 79.8%
Oct-1995 79.8%
Nov-1995 79.7%
Dec-1995 79.7%
Jan-1996 79.8%
Feb-1996 79.9%
Mar-1996 79.9%
Apr-1996 79.9%
May-1996 80.0%
Jun-1996 80.1%
Jul-1996 80.4%
Aug-1996 80.5%
Sep-1996 80.4%
Oct-1996 80.6%
Nov-1996 80.5%
Dec-1996 80.5%
Jan-1997 80.5%
Feb-1997 80.4%
Mar-1997 80.6%
Apr-1997 80.7%
May-1997 80.6%
Jun-1997 80.9%
Jul-1997 81.1%
Aug-1997 81.3%
Sep-1997 81.1%
Oct-1997 81.1%
Nov-1997 81.0%
Dec-1997 81.0%
Jan-1998 81.0%
Feb-1998 81.0%
Mar-1998 81.0%
Apr-1998 81.1%
May-1998 81.0%
Jun-1998 81.0%
Jul-1998 81.1%
Aug-1998 81.2%
Sep-1998 81.3%
Oct-1998 81.1%
Nov-1998 81.2%
Dec-1998 81.3%
Jan-1999 81.8%
Feb-1999 81.5%
Mar-1999 81.3%
Apr-1999 81.3%
May-1999 81.4%
Jun-1999 81.4%
Jul-1999 81.2%
Aug-1999 81.3%
Sep-1999 81.3%
Oct-1999 81.5%
Nov-1999 81.6%
Dec-1999 81.5%
Jan-2000 81.8%
Feb-2000 81.8%
Mar-2000 81.7%
Apr-2000 81.9%
May-2000 81.5%
Jun-2000 81.5%
Jul-2000 81.3%
Aug-2000 81.1%
Sep-2000 81.1%
Oct-2000 81.1%
Nov-2000 81.3%
Dec-2000 81.4%
Jan-2001 81.4%
Feb-2001 81.3%
Mar-2001 81.3%
Apr-2001 80.9%
May-2001 80.8%
Jun-2001 80.6%
Jul-2001 80.5%
Aug-2001 80.2%
Sep-2001 80.2%
Oct-2001 79.9%
Nov-2001 79.7%
Dec-2001 79.8%
Jan-2002 79.6%
Feb-2002 79.8%
Mar-2002 79.6%
Apr-2002 79.5%
May-2002 79.4%
Jun-2002 79.2%
Jul-2002 79.1%
Aug-2002 79.3%
Sep-2002 79.4%
Oct-2002 79.2%
Nov-2002 78.8%
Dec-2002 79.0%
Jan-2003 78.9%
Feb-2003 78.9%
Mar-2003 79.0%
Apr-2003 79.1%
May-2003 78.9%
Jun-2003 78.9%
Jul-2003 78.8%
Aug-2003 78.7%
Sep-2003 78.6%
Oct-2003 78.6%
Nov-2003 78.7%
Dec-2003 78.8%
Jan-2004 78.9%
Feb-2004 78.8%
Mar-2004 78.7%
Apr-2004 78.9%
May-2004 79.0%
Jun-2004 79.1%
Jul-2004 79.2%
Aug-2004 79.0%
Sep-2004 79.0%
Oct-2004 79.0%
Nov-2004 79.1%
Dec-2004 78.9%
Jan-2005 79.2%
Feb-2005 79.2%
Mar-2005 79.2%
Apr-2005 79.4%
May-2005 79.5%
Jun-2005 79.2%
Jul-2005 79.4%
Aug-2005 79.6%
Sep-2005 79.4%
Oct-2005 79.3%
Nov-2005 79.2%
Dec-2005 79.3%
Jan-2006 79.6%
Feb-2006 79.7%
Mar-2006 79.8%
Apr-2006 79.6%
May-2006 79.7%
Jun-2006 79.8%
Jul-2006 79.8%
Aug-2006 79.8%
Sep-2006 79.9%
Oct-2006 80.1%
Nov-2006 80.0%
Dec-2006 80.1%
Jan-2007 80.3%
Feb-2007 80.1%
Mar-2007 80.2%
Apr-2007 80.0%
May-2007 80.0%
Jun-2007 79.9%
Jul-2007 79.8%
Aug-2007 79.8%
Sep-2007 79.7%
Oct-2007 79.6%
Nov-2007 79.7%
Dec-2007 79.7%
Jan-2008 80.0%
Feb-2008 79.9%
Mar-2008 79.8%
Apr-2008 79.6%
May-2008 79.5%
Jun-2008 79.4%
Jul-2008 79.2%
Aug-2008 78.8%
Sep-2008 78.8%
Oct-2008 78.4%
Nov-2008 78.1%
Dec-2008 77.6%
Jan-2009 77.0%
Feb-2009 76.7%
Mar-2009 76.2%
Apr-2009 76.2%
May-2009 75.9%
Jun-2009 75.9%
Jul-2009 75.8%
Aug-2009 75.6%
Sep-2009 75.1%
Oct-2009 75.0%
Nov-2009 75.2%
Dec-2009 74.8%
Jan-2010 75.1%
Feb-2010 75.1%
Mar-2010 75.1%
Apr-2010 75.4%
May-2010 75.1%
Jun-2010 75.2%
Jul-2010 75.1%
Aug-2010 75.0%
Sep-2010 75.1%
Oct-2010 75.0%
Nov-2010 74.8%
Dec-2010 75.0%
Jan-2011 75.2%
Feb-2011 75.1%
Mar-2011 75.3%
Apr-2011 75.1%
May-2011 75.2%
Jun-2011 75.0%
Jul-2011 75.0%
Aug-2011 75.1%
Sep-2011 74.9%
Oct-2011 74.9%
Nov-2011 75.3%
Dec-2011 75.4%
Jan-2012 75.5%
Feb-2012 75.5%
Mar-2012 75.7%
Apr-2012 75.7%
May-2012 75.7%
Jun-2012 75.6%
Jul-2012 75.6%
Aug-2012 75.7%
Sep-2012 76.0%
Oct-2012 76.1%
Nov-2012 75.8%
Dec-2012 76.0%
Jan-2013 75.6%
Feb-2013 75.8%
Mar-2013 75.8%
Apr-2013 75.8%
May-2013 76.0%
Jun-2013 75.9%
Jul-2013 76.0%
Aug-2013 76.0%
Sep-2013 76.0%
Oct-2013 75.6%
Nov-2013 76.1%
Dec-2013 76.1%
Jan-2014 76.4%
Feb-2014 76.4%
Mar-2014 76.5%
Apr-2014 76.5%
May-2014 76.4%
Jun-2014 76.9%
Jul-2014 76.7%
Aug-2014 76.9%
Sep-2014 76.8%
Oct-2014 76.9%
Nov-2014 76.9%
Dec-2014 77.1%
Jan-2015 77.1%
Feb-2015 77.2%
Mar-2015 77.1%
Apr-2015 77.2%
May-2015 77.2%
Jun-2015 77.4%
Jul-2015 77.1%
Aug-2015 77.3%
Sep-2015 77.2%
Oct-2015 77.2%
Nov-2015 77.4%
Dec-2015 77.4%
Jan-2016 77.7%
Feb-2016 77.8%
Mar-2016 77.9%
Apr-2016 77.8%
May-2016 77.8%
Jun-2016 77.9%
Jul-2016 78.0%
Aug-2016 77.9%
Sep-2016 78.0%
Oct-2016 78.2%
Nov-2016 78.1%
Dec-2016 78.1%
Jan-2017 78.2%
Feb-2017 78.3%
Mar-2017 78.5%
Apr-2017 78.6%
May-2017 78.5%
Jun-2017 78.6%
Jul-2017 78.7%
Aug-2017 78.5%
Sep-2017 78.9%
Oct-2017 78.8%
Nov-2017 78.9%
Dec-2017 79.0%
Jan-2018 79.0%
Feb-2018 79.3%
Mar-2018 79.2%
Apr-2018 79.2%
May-2018 79.3%
Jun-2018 79.4%
Jul-2018 79.5%
Aug-2018 79.4%
Sep-2018 79.3%
Oct-2018 79.7%
Nov-2018 79.6%
Dec-2018 79.6%
Jan-2019 79.8%
Feb-2019 79.9%
Mar-2019 79.8%
Apr-2019 79.7%
May-2019 79.7%
Jun-2019 79.8%
Jul-2019 79.5%
Aug-2019 80.1%
Sep-2019 80.1%
Oct-2019 80.3%
Nov-2019 80.3%
Dec-2019 80.4%
Jan-2020 80.6%
Feb-2020 80.5%
Mar-2020 79.6%
Apr-2020 69.7%
May-2020 71.4%
Jun-2020 73.5%
Jul-2020 73.8%
Aug-2020 75.3%
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Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey public data

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Labor force participation rate and employment-to-population ratio of workers ages 25–54, by gender, 1989–2020

Date Labor force participation rate, men Labor force participation rate, women Employment-to-population ratio, men Employment-to-population ratio, women
Jan-1989 93.8 73.6 89.9 70.5
Feb-1989 93.7 73.5 89.8 70.4
Mar-1989 93.7 73.4 89.9 70.2
Apr-1989 93.7 73.5 89.7 70.3
May-1989 93.5 73.4 89.8 70.1
Jun-1989 93.5 73.3 90 70.1
Jul-1989 93.6 73.4 89.9 70
Aug-1989 93.5 73.5 90 70.2
Sep-1989 93.6 74 89.7 70.7
Oct-1989 93.7 73.8 89.8 70.5
Nov-1989 93.9 74.1 89.9 70.8
Dec-1989 93.8 74.1 90 70.7
Jan-1990 93.9 74.1 89.9 70.9
Feb-1990 94 74 90.1 70.8
Mar-1990 93.6 74 89.8 70.8
Apr-1990 93.5 73.9 89.4 70.7
May-1990 93.3 74.1 89.3 70.8
Jun-1990 93.3 73.9 89.3 70.6
Jul-1990 93.2 74 89 70.6
Aug-1990 93.3 74 88.9 70.5
Sep-1990 93.1 74 88.7 70.5
Oct-1990 93.2 73.9 88.6 70.4
Nov-1990 93.4 73.9 88.5 70.2
Dec-1990 93.1 73.9 88.1 70.1
Jan-1991 93.2 73.7 88.2 69.9
Feb-1991 93.4 73.9 88 70.1
Mar-1991 93.3 74 87.7 70
Apr-1991 93.4 74.3 87.9 70.3
May-1991 93 74.1 87.4 70.1
Jun-1991 93.1 74.2 87.5 70.2
Jul-1991 93 73.9 87.5 70.1
Aug-1991 92.9 74.1 87.4 70
Sep-1991 93.1 74.1 87.5 70.1
Oct-1991 92.9 74.2 87.2 70
Nov-1991 92.9 74.1 87.1 70
Dec-1991 92.7 74.1 86.9 69.9
Jan-1992 93 74.4 86.9 70.1
Feb-1992 92.8 74.4 86.6 70
Mar-1992 92.9 74.5 86.8 70
Apr-1992 93 74.7 86.9 70.2
May-1992 93.2 74.8 86.8 70.3
Jun-1992 93.3 74.9 86.9 70.3
Jul-1992 93.1 74.8 86.9 70.2
Aug-1992 93.2 74.8 86.9 70.2
Sep-1992 93.1 74.5 86.8 70.1
Oct-1992 93 74.4 86.7 70
Nov-1992 92.7 74.6 86.6 70.1
Dec-1992 92.6 74.6 86.7 69.9
Jan-1993 92.6 74.3 86.8 69.9
Feb-1993 92.4 74.2 86.7 69.9
Mar-1993 92.4 74.4 86.5 70.3
Apr-1993 92.5 74.1 86.8 69.9
May-1993 92.6 74.5 87 70.2
Jun-1993 92.8 74.6 87.1 70.4
Jul-1993 92.7 74.6 87.1 70.4
Aug-1993 92.7 74.8 87.2 70.6
Sep-1993 92.5 74.7 87.1 70.5
Oct-1993 92.5 74.8 87.1 70.5
Nov-1993 92.6 74.9 87.5 70.7
Dec-1993 92.4 75.2 87.4 71
Jan-1994 92.1 75 87.1 71
Feb-1994 91.9 75.3 86.8 71.3
Mar-1994 91.7 75.2 87 71.1
Apr-1994 91.7 75.1 87.1 71.2
May-1994 91.6 75.2 87.3 71.3
Jun-1994 91.4 74.7 87 70.9
Jul-1994 91.5 75.1 87 71.4
Aug-1994 91.4 75.4 87 71.7
Sep-1994 91.6 76 87.4 72.1
Oct-1994 91.8 75.5 87.5 71.9
Nov-1994 91.9 75.6 87.9 72
Dec-1994 92 75.2 88 71.8
Jan-1995 92 75.3 87.9 71.8
Feb-1995 92 75.5 88.1 72.2
Mar-1995 91.8 75.5 87.9 72.1
Apr-1995 91.8 75.9 87.7 72.2
May-1995 91.8 75.5 87.6 72.1
Jun-1995 91.6 75.2 87.6 71.7
Jul-1995 91.4 75.7 87.5 72.2
Aug-1995 91.4 75.6 87.4 72.1
Sep-1995 91.5 75.7 87.6 72.3
Oct-1995 91.3 75.8 87.6 72.3
Nov-1995 91.3 76 87.2 72.6
Dec-1995 91.3 75.7 87.2 72.4
Jan-1996 91.5 75.8 87.5 72.4
Feb-1996 91.7 75.7 87.7 72.4
Mar-1996 91.5 75.8 87.5 72.6
Apr-1996 91.6 75.9 87.5 72.6
May-1996 91.6 76 87.6 72.5
Jun-1996 91.6 76 87.8 72.7
Jul-1996 91.8 76.3 88.1 72.9
Aug-1996 92 76.3 88.4 73
Sep-1996 91.9 76.2 88.1 73
Oct-1996 92 76.4 88.3 73.1
Nov-1996 92 76.5 88.2 73
Dec-1996 91.9 76.6 88.3 73
Jan-1997 91.9 76.5 88.2 73.2
Feb-1997 91.9 76.3 88.2 72.9
Mar-1997 91.8 76.6 88.2 73.3
Apr-1997 91.7 76.5 88.1 73.5
May-1997 91.5 76.4 88.1 73.3
Jun-1997 91.8 76.7 88.4 73.6
Jul-1997 91.9 77 88.6 73.9
Aug-1997 92 77.2 88.7 74.1
Sep-1997 91.9 77 88.6 73.9
Oct-1997 91.8 76.8 88.6 73.8
Nov-1997 91.8 76.5 88.7 73.6
Dec-1997 91.8 76.6 88.6 73.6
Jan-1998 91.9 76.4 88.8 73.4
Feb-1998 91.8 76.5 88.9 73.4
Mar-1998 92 76.7 88.8 73.5
Apr-1998 91.8 76.3 88.9 73.5
May-1998 91.7 76.3 88.8 73.4
Jun-1998 91.7 76.4 88.7 73.6
Jul-1998 91.9 76.5 88.7 73.8
Aug-1998 91.7 76.6 88.8 73.9
Sep-1998 91.7 76.8 88.8 74
Oct-1998 91.8 76.7 88.8 73.7
Nov-1998 91.9 76.6 89.1 73.7
Dec-1998 91.8 76.8 88.9 74
Jan-1999 92.5 77 89.7 74.3
Feb-1999 92.2 76.8 89.2 74.1
Mar-1999 91.8 76.5 89.2 73.8
Apr-1999 91.9 76.6 89.1 73.8
May-1999 91.8 76.7 88.9 74.1
Jun-1999 91.6 76.9 88.8 74.2
Jul-1999 91.6 76.6 88.8 73.8
Aug-1999 91.5 76.7 88.7 74.1
Sep-1999 91.4 76.9 88.6 74.3
Oct-1999 91.4 77 88.7 74.5
Nov-1999 91.6 77.1 89 74.5
Dec-1999 91.6 76.7 89 74.3
Jan-2000 92.1 77 89.5 74.4
Feb-2000 92.2 76.9 89.4 74.5
Mar-2000 91.9 77.1 89.3 74.5
Apr-2000 91.7 77.3 89.2 74.9
May-2000 91.5 77 89 74.4
Jun-2000 91.7 76.8 89.1 74.2
Jul-2000 91.5 76.6 88.9 73.9
Aug-2000 91.5 76.3 88.9 73.6
Sep-2000 91.3 76.4 88.6 73.9
Oct-2000 91.2 76.3 88.6 73.9
Nov-2000 91.4 76.5 88.8 74.1
Dec-2000 91.6 76.5 88.9 74.1
Jan-2001 91.7 76.9 88.9 74.2
Feb-2001 91.6 76.8 88.8 74.2
Mar-2001 91.5 76.9 88.5 74.3
Apr-2001 91.4 76.3 88.3 73.7
May-2001 91.4 76.4 88.3 73.7
Jun-2001 91.3 76.2 88.1 73.4
Jul-2001 91.2 76.2 87.9 73.4
Aug-2001 91.1 76.2 87.6 73.2
Sep-2001 91.1 76.2 87.6 73.1
Oct-2001 91.3 76.1 87.4 72.7
Nov-2001 91 76.2 87 72.6
Dec-2001 91.2 76.3 87.1 72.6
Jan-2002 91.1 76.1 86.8 72.5
Feb-2002 91.3 76.4 87.1 72.7
Mar-2002 91.3 76.1 87 72.5
Apr-2002 91.2 76.2 86.8 72.5
May-2002 91.3 76.1 86.9 72.2
Jun-2002 91 75.7 86.5 72.1
Jul-2002 90.9 75.5 86.5 71.9
Aug-2002 91.1 75.7 86.8 72.1
Sep-2002 91.1 75.8 86.8 72.2
Oct-2002 91 75.7 86.6 72.1
Nov-2002 90.6 75.4 85.9 71.9
Dec-2002 90.6 75.8 86 72.2
Jan-2003 90.2 75.8 85.6 72.4
Feb-2003 90.5 75.8 85.9 72.1
Mar-2003 90.4 76.1 85.8 72.4
Apr-2003 90.7 76 85.9 72.4
May-2003 90.6 75.9 85.7 72.2
Jun-2003 90.7 76.1 85.8 72.3
Jul-2003 90.6 75.6 85.8 71.9
Aug-2003 90.7 75.6 85.7 72
Sep-2003 90.7 75.3 85.9 71.6
Oct-2003 90.7 75.3 85.9 71.6
Nov-2003 90.7 75.2 86 71.7
Dec-2003 90.7 75.1 86.4 71.4
Jan-2004 90.7 75.2 86.4 71.6
Feb-2004 90.4 75.2 86.2 71.7
Mar-2004 90.2 75.5 86 71.8
Apr-2004 90.3 75.4 86.2 71.8
May-2004 90.5 75.3 86.3 71.9
Jun-2004 90.5 75.5 86.5 71.9
Jul-2004 90.7 75.4 86.7 71.9
Aug-2004 90.5 75.1 86.5 71.8
Sep-2004 90.4 75.2 86.4 71.9
Oct-2004 90.2 75.1 86.3 71.9
Nov-2004 90.4 75.2 86.5 72
Dec-2004 90.3 75.1 86.2 71.8
Jan-2005 90.3 75.3 86.5 72
Feb-2005 90.5 75.3 86.7 71.9
Mar-2005 90.5 75 86.8 71.8
Apr-2005 90.5 75.2 87 72
May-2005 90.7 75.3 87.1 72.1
Jun-2005 90.4 75 87 71.7
Jul-2005 90.5 75.3 87 71.9
Aug-2005 90.9 75.2 87.4 72.1
Sep-2005 90.6 75.4 87 72.1
Oct-2005 90.4 75.2 87 71.9
Nov-2005 90.3 75.3 86.8 71.9
Dec-2005 90.2 75.4 86.7 72.1
Jan-2006 90.4 75.3 87.2 72.2
Feb-2006 90.6 75.5 87.1 72.4
Mar-2006 90.9 75.4 87.4 72.3
Apr-2006 90.6 75.3 87.2 72.1
May-2006 90.6 75.3 87.2 72.3
Jun-2006 90.5 75.4 87.2 72.5
Jul-2006 90.4 75.7 87.1 72.7
Aug-2006 90.5 75.6 87.1 72.6
Sep-2006 90.4 75.5 87.4 72.5
Oct-2006 90.4 75.6 87.4 72.9
Nov-2006 90.7 75.5 87.5 72.7
Dec-2006 90.9 75.5 87.7 72.7
Jan-2007 91.5 75.6 88 72.8
Feb-2007 91.4 75.3 87.9 72.6
Mar-2007 91.2 75.3 88 72.7
Apr-2007 91.1 75 87.9 72.2
May-2007 90.9 75.3 87.7 72.5
Jun-2007 90.7 75.3 87.5 72.5
Jul-2007 90.6 75.4 87.3 72.4
Aug-2007 90.5 75.5 87.2 72.6
Sep-2007 90.4 75.4 87.1 72.5
Oct-2007 90.3 75.3 86.9 72.4
Nov-2007 90.6 75.5 87.2 72.5
Dec-2007 90.9 75.5 87.2 72.4
Jan-2008 91.1 75.7 87.4 72.7
Feb-2008 91 75.5 87.4 72.6
Mar-2008 90.9 75.8 87.1 72.6
Apr-2008 90.6 75.8 86.7 72.7
May-2008 90.5 75.9 86.5 72.6
Jun-2008 90.5 76 86.3 72.6
Jul-2008 90.7 75.7 86.2 72.4
Aug-2008 90.5 76 85.8 72.1
Sep-2008 90.5 75.8 85.4 72.3
Oct-2008 90.4 75.8 85.2 71.9
Nov-2008 90.3 75.9 84.7 71.7
Dec-2008 89.9 75.9 83.7 71.6
Jan-2009 90 75.8 83.1 71.1
Feb-2009 89.8 76 82.5 71
Mar-2009 89.7 75.7 82 70.6
Apr-2009 89.9 75.9 81.8 70.7
May-2009 90.1 75.8 81.5 70.4
Jun-2009 90 75.9 81.5 70.4
Jul-2009 89.8 75.8 81.3 70.4
Aug-2009 90.1 75.6 81.2 70
Sep-2009 89.8 75.3 80.8 69.5
Oct-2009 89.8 75.3 80.8 69.4
Nov-2009 89.6 75.4 80.7 69.8
Dec-2009 88.9 75.2 80.4 69.2
Jan-2010 89.2 75.6 80.7 69.8
Feb-2010 89.2 75.5 80.6 69.7
Mar-2010 89.5 75.5 80.8 69.5
Apr-2010 89.7 75.6 81.3 69.6
May-2010 89.5 75.2 81.1 69.3
Jun-2010 89.5 75.1 81.1 69.5
Jul-2010 89.2 74.8 81.1 69.1
Aug-2010 89.3 74.9 81.2 69
Sep-2010 89.3 74.9 81.2 69.1
Oct-2010 88.9 74.9 81.1 69
Nov-2010 88.9 75.3 80.7 69.1
Dec-2010 88.6 75.2 80.8 69.4
Jan-2011 88.6 74.9 81.2 69.3
Feb-2011 88.7 74.7 81.4 69
Mar-2011 88.8 74.9 81.4 69.3
Apr-2011 88.7 74.9 81.2 69.1
May-2011 89 74.6 81.6 68.9
Jun-2011 88.9 74.6 81.3 68.8
Jul-2011 88.6 74.5 81.1 69
Aug-2011 88.7 74.7 81.4 68.9
Sep-2011 88.6 74.6 81.3 68.7
Oct-2011 88.4 74.4 81.1 68.9
Nov-2011 88.7 74.4 81.9 68.8
Dec-2011 88.7 74.6 82.1 68.9
Jan-2012 88.8 74.5 82.5 68.9
Feb-2012 88.7 74.5 82.4 68.9
Mar-2012 88.9 74.5 82.5 69.2
Apr-2012 88.7 74.4 82.5 69.1
May-2012 88.6 74.5 82.5 69.2
Jun-2012 88.9 74.4 82.6 69
Jul-2012 88.6 74.5 82.4 69.1
Aug-2012 88.6 74.5 82.4 69.2
Sep-2012 88.6 74.6 82.7 69.5
Oct-2012 88.8 74.7 82.9 69.6
Nov-2012 88.4 74.3 82.5 69.4
Dec-2012 88.6 74.6 82.8 69.4
Jan-2013 88.4 74 82.6 68.9
Feb-2013 88.5 73.9 82.8 69
Mar-2013 88.3 73.9 82.8 69
Apr-2013 88.6 73.7 82.8 69.1
May-2013 88.6 74 83 69.3
Jun-2013 88.6 74 82.9 69.2
Jul-2013 88.5 74.1 82.9 69.4
Aug-2013 88.3 74 82.6 69.6
Sep-2013 88.4 73.9 82.6 69.6
Oct-2013 88 73.5 82.4 69
Nov-2013 88.6 73.8 83 69.3
Dec-2013 88.1 73.8 83 69.5
Jan-2014 88.2 73.9 83.2 69.8
Feb-2014 88.1 74.3 83 70.1
Mar-2014 88.3 74.2 83.5 69.8
Apr-2014 87.9 74 83.2 69.9
May-2014 88 73.8 83.3 69.8
Jun-2014 88.3 74 83.8 70.2
Jul-2014 88.3 73.7 83.8 69.8
Aug-2014 88.5 74 83.9 70.1
Sep-2014 88.1 73.7 84.1 69.8
Oct-2014 88.1 73.9 84 70.1
Nov-2014 88.1 73.9 83.9 70.3
Dec-2014 88.2 73.8 84.2 70.3
Jan-2015 88.5 73.8 84.3 70.2
Feb-2015 88.4 73.6 84.3 70.3
Mar-2015 88.5 73.4 84.5 70
Apr-2015 88.4 73.8 84.4 70.2
May-2015 88.3 74.1 84.3 70.4
Jun-2015 88.3 73.8 84.5 70.5
Jul-2015 88.1 73.5 84.4 70.1
Aug-2015 88.2 73.5 84.6 70.2
Sep-2015 88.2 73.3 84.6 70.2
Oct-2015 88.2 73.6 84.4 70.3
Nov-2015 88.1 73.9 84.4 70.7
Dec-2015 88.2 73.9 84.5 70.6
Jan-2016 88.4 74.1 84.9 70.8
Feb-2016 88.5 74 84.9 70.9
Mar-2016 88.7 74.3 85.1 71
Apr-2016 88.5 74.2 84.8 70.9
May-2016 88.4 74.1 84.9 71
Jun-2016 88.7 74.2 85.1 71
Jul-2016 88.5 74.2 84.9 71.3
Aug-2016 88.4 74.4 84.9 71.1
Sep-2016 88.7 74.6 84.9 71.3
Oct-2016 88.6 74.7 85 71.5
Nov-2016 88.5 74.4 85 71.3
Dec-2016 88.5 74.5 85.1 71.4
Jan-2017 88.8 74.4 85.3 71.4
Feb-2017 88.6 74.7 85.1 71.7
Mar-2017 88.5 74.9 85.1 72
Apr-2017 88.5 75.2 85.4 72
May-2017 88.5 75 85.2 71.9
Jun-2017 88.6 75 85.3 72.2
Jul-2017 88.6 75.2 85.3 72.3
Aug-2017 88.4 75 85.1 72.1
Sep-2017 88.7 75.2 85.6 72.4
Oct-2017 88.6 74.8 85.7 72.2
Nov-2017 88.5 75.2 85.6 72.5
Dec-2017 89 74.9 86.1 72.2
Jan-2018 89 74.8 85.9 72.2
Feb-2018 89.3 75.2 86.4 72.4
Mar-2018 89.1 75.1 86.1 72.5
Apr-2018 89.2 74.9 86.2 72.3
May-2018 89.1 74.9 86.3 72.5
Jun-2018 89 75.5 86.1 72.9
Jul-2018 88.8 75.6 86.2 73
Aug-2018 88.7 75.4 86 72.9
Sep-2018 88.7 75.2 86 72.9
Oct-2018 89 75.7 86.2 73.4
Nov-2018 89 75.5 86.3 73.1
Dec-2018 89 75.7 86.1 73.3
Jan-2019 89.4 75.9 86.4 73.4
Feb-2019 89.4 75.8 86.5 73.4
Mar-2019 89.5 75.7 86.7 73.2
Apr-2019 89.1 75.5 86.4 73.3
May-2019 88.8 75.6 86.2 73.3
Jun-2019 88.7 75.9 86.1 73.6
Jul-2019 88.9 75.4 86.2 73
Aug-2019 89 76.3 86.3 74
Sep-2019 89.1 76.3 86.4 74
Oct-2019 89.1 76.6 86.5 74.2
Nov-2019 89.3 76.5 86.7 74.1
Dec-2019 89.2 76.8 86.6 74.4
Jan-2020 89.3 77 86.6 74.7
Feb-2020 89.3 77 86.5 74.7
Mar-2020 89 76.4 85.9 73.6
Apr-2020 86.4 73.6 76 63.5
May-2020 87.2 74.3 77.9 65
Jun-2020 87.9 75.4 79.5 67.7
Jul-2020 87.6 75.1 79.8 67.9
Aug-2020 88.1 74.9 81.6 69.2

 

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Unemployment rate, 1948–2020

Date Unemployment rate
Jan-1948 3.4%
Feb-1948 3.8%
Mar-1948 4.0%
Apr-1948 3.9%
May-1948 3.5%
Jun-1948 3.6%
Jul-1948 3.6%
Aug-1948 3.9%
Sep-1948 3.8%
Oct-1948 3.7%
Nov-1948 3.8%
Dec-1948 4.0%
Jan-1949 4.3%
Feb-1949 4.7%
Mar-1949 5.0%
Apr-1949 5.3%
May-1949 6.1%
Jun-1949 6.2%
Jul-1949 6.7%
Aug-1949 6.8%
Sep-1949 6.6%
Oct-1949 7.9%
Nov-1949 6.4%
Dec-1949 6.6%
Jan-1950 6.5%
Feb-1950 6.4%
Mar-1950 6.3%
Apr-1950 5.8%
May-1950 5.5%
Jun-1950 5.4%
Jul-1950 5.0%
Aug-1950 4.5%
Sep-1950 4.4%
Oct-1950 4.2%
Nov-1950 4.2%
Dec-1950 4.3%
Jan-1951 3.7%
Feb-1951 3.4%
Mar-1951 3.4%
Apr-1951 3.1%
May-1951 3.0%
Jun-1951 3.2%
Jul-1951 3.1%
Aug-1951 3.1%
Sep-1951 3.3%
Oct-1951 3.5%
Nov-1951 3.5%
Dec-1951 3.1%
Jan-1952 3.2%
Feb-1952 3.1%
Mar-1952 2.9%
Apr-1952 2.9%
May-1952 3.0%
Jun-1952 3.0%
Jul-1952 3.2%
Aug-1952 3.4%
Sep-1952 3.1%
Oct-1952 3.0%
Nov-1952 2.8%
Dec-1952 2.7%
Jan-1953 2.9%
Feb-1953 2.6%
Mar-1953 2.6%
Apr-1953 2.7%
May-1953 2.5%
Jun-1953 2.5%
Jul-1953 2.6%
Aug-1953 2.7%
Sep-1953 2.9%
Oct-1953 3.1%
Nov-1953 3.5%
Dec-1953 4.5%
Jan-1954 4.9%
Feb-1954 5.2%
Mar-1954 5.7%
Apr-1954 5.9%
May-1954 5.9%
Jun-1954 5.6%
Jul-1954 5.8%
Aug-1954 6.0%
Sep-1954 6.1%
Oct-1954 5.7%
Nov-1954 5.3%
Dec-1954 5.0%
Jan-1955 4.9%
Feb-1955 4.7%
Mar-1955 4.6%
Apr-1955 4.7%
May-1955 4.3%
Jun-1955 4.2%
Jul-1955 4.0%
Aug-1955 4.2%
Sep-1955 4.1%
Oct-1955 4.3%
Nov-1955 4.2%
Dec-1955 4.2%
Jan-1956 4.0%
Feb-1956 3.9%
Mar-1956 4.2%
Apr-1956 4.0%
May-1956 4.3%
Jun-1956 4.3%
Jul-1956 4.4%
Aug-1956 4.1%
Sep-1956 3.9%
Oct-1956 3.9%
Nov-1956 4.3%
Dec-1956 4.2%
Jan-1957 4.2%
Feb-1957 3.9%
Mar-1957 3.7%
Apr-1957 3.9%
May-1957 4.1%
Jun-1957 4.3%
Jul-1957 4.2%
Aug-1957 4.1%
Sep-1957 4.4%
Oct-1957 4.5%
Nov-1957 5.1%
Dec-1957 5.2%
Jan-1958 5.8%
Feb-1958 6.4%
Mar-1958 6.7%
Apr-1958 7.4%
May-1958 7.4%
Jun-1958 7.3%
Jul-1958 7.5%
Aug-1958 7.4%
Sep-1958 7.1%
Oct-1958 6.7%
Nov-1958 6.2%
Dec-1958 6.2%
Jan-1959 6.0%
Feb-1959 5.9%
Mar-1959 5.6%
Apr-1959 5.2%
May-1959 5.1%
Jun-1959 5.0%
Jul-1959 5.1%
Aug-1959 5.2%
Sep-1959 5.5%
Oct-1959 5.7%
Nov-1959 5.8%
Dec-1959 5.3%
Jan-1960 5.2%
Feb-1960 4.8%
Mar-1960 5.4%
Apr-1960 5.2%
May-1960 5.1%
Jun-1960 5.4%
Jul-1960 5.5%
Aug-1960 5.6%
Sep-1960 5.5%
Oct-1960 6.1%
Nov-1960 6.1%
Dec-1960 6.6%
Jan-1961 6.6%
Feb-1961 6.9%
Mar-1961 6.9%
Apr-1961 7.0%
May-1961 7.1%
Jun-1961 6.9%
Jul-1961 7.0%
Aug-1961 6.6%
Sep-1961 6.7%
Oct-1961 6.5%
Nov-1961 6.1%
Dec-1961 6.0%
Jan-1962 5.8%
Feb-1962 5.5%
Mar-1962 5.6%
Apr-1962 5.6%
May-1962 5.5%
Jun-1962 5.5%
Jul-1962 5.4%
Aug-1962 5.7%
Sep-1962 5.6%
Oct-1962 5.4%
Nov-1962 5.7%
Dec-1962 5.5%
Jan-1963 5.7%
Feb-1963 5.9%
Mar-1963 5.7%
Apr-1963 5.7%
May-1963 5.9%
Jun-1963 5.6%
Jul-1963 5.6%
Aug-1963 5.4%
Sep-1963 5.5%
Oct-1963 5.5%
Nov-1963 5.7%
Dec-1963 5.5%
Jan-1964 5.6%
Feb-1964 5.4%
Mar-1964 5.4%
Apr-1964 5.3%
May-1964 5.1%
Jun-1964 5.2%
Jul-1964 4.9%
Aug-1964 5.0%
Sep-1964 5.1%
Oct-1964 5.1%
Nov-1964 4.8%
Dec-1964 5.0%
Jan-1965 4.9%
Feb-1965 5.1%
Mar-1965 4.7%
Apr-1965 4.8%
May-1965 4.6%
Jun-1965 4.6%
Jul-1965 4.4%
Aug-1965 4.4%
Sep-1965 4.3%
Oct-1965 4.2%
Nov-1965 4.1%
Dec-1965 4.0%
Jan-1966 4.0%
Feb-1966 3.8%
Mar-1966 3.8%
Apr-1966 3.8%
May-1966 3.9%
Jun-1966 3.8%
Jul-1966 3.8%
Aug-1966 3.8%
Sep-1966 3.7%
Oct-1966 3.7%
Nov-1966 3.6%
Dec-1966 3.8%
Jan-1967 3.9%
Feb-1967 3.8%
Mar-1967 3.8%
Apr-1967 3.8%
May-1967 3.8%
Jun-1967 3.9%
Jul-1967 3.8%
Aug-1967 3.8%
Sep-1967 3.8%
Oct-1967 4.0%
Nov-1967 3.9%
Dec-1967 3.8%
Jan-1968 3.7%
Feb-1968 3.8%
Mar-1968 3.7%
Apr-1968 3.5%
May-1968 3.5%
Jun-1968 3.7%
Jul-1968 3.7%
Aug-1968 3.5%
Sep-1968 3.4%
Oct-1968 3.4%
Nov-1968 3.4%
Dec-1968 3.4%
Jan-1969 3.4%
Feb-1969 3.4%
Mar-1969 3.4%
Apr-1969 3.4%
May-1969 3.4%
Jun-1969 3.5%
Jul-1969 3.5%
Aug-1969 3.5%
Sep-1969 3.7%
Oct-1969 3.7%
Nov-1969 3.5%
Dec-1969 3.5%
Jan-1970 3.9%
Feb-1970 4.2%
Mar-1970 4.4%
Apr-1970 4.6%
May-1970 4.8%
Jun-1970 4.9%
Jul-1970 5.0%
Aug-1970 5.1%
Sep-1970 5.4%
Oct-1970 5.5%
Nov-1970 5.9%
Dec-1970 6.1%
Jan-1971 5.9%
Feb-1971 5.9%
Mar-1971 6.0%
Apr-1971 5.9%
May-1971 5.9%
Jun-1971 5.9%
Jul-1971 6.0%
Aug-1971 6.1%
Sep-1971 6.0%
Oct-1971 5.8%
Nov-1971 6.0%
Dec-1971 6.0%
Jan-1972 5.8%
Feb-1972 5.7%
Mar-1972 5.8%
Apr-1972 5.7%
May-1972 5.7%
Jun-1972 5.7%
Jul-1972 5.6%
Aug-1972 5.6%
Sep-1972 5.5%
Oct-1972 5.6%
Nov-1972 5.3%
Dec-1972 5.2%
Jan-1973 4.9%
Feb-1973 5.0%
Mar-1973 4.9%
Apr-1973 5.0%
May-1973 4.9%
Jun-1973 4.9%
Jul-1973 4.8%
Aug-1973 4.8%
Sep-1973 4.8%
Oct-1973 4.6%
Nov-1973 4.8%
Dec-1973 4.9%
Jan-1974 5.1%
Feb-1974 5.2%
Mar-1974 5.1%
Apr-1974 5.1%
May-1974 5.1%
Jun-1974 5.4%
Jul-1974 5.5%
Aug-1974 5.5%
Sep-1974 5.9%
Oct-1974 6.0%
Nov-1974 6.6%
Dec-1974 7.2%
Jan-1975 8.1%
Feb-1975 8.1%
Mar-1975 8.6%
Apr-1975 8.8%
May-1975 9.0%
Jun-1975 8.8%
Jul-1975 8.6%
Aug-1975 8.4%
Sep-1975 8.4%
Oct-1975 8.4%
Nov-1975 8.3%
Dec-1975 8.2%
Jan-1976 7.9%
Feb-1976 7.7%
Mar-1976 7.6%
Apr-1976 7.7%
May-1976 7.4%
Jun-1976 7.6%
Jul-1976 7.8%
Aug-1976 7.8%
Sep-1976 7.6%
Oct-1976 7.7%
Nov-1976 7.8%
Dec-1976 7.8%
Jan-1977 7.5%
Feb-1977 7.6%
Mar-1977 7.4%
Apr-1977 7.2%
May-1977 7.0%
Jun-1977 7.2%
Jul-1977 6.9%
Aug-1977 7.0%
Sep-1977 6.8%
Oct-1977 6.8%
Nov-1977 6.8%
Dec-1977 6.4%
Jan-1978 6.4%
Feb-1978 6.3%
Mar-1978 6.3%
Apr-1978 6.1%
May-1978 6.0%
Jun-1978 5.9%
Jul-1978 6.2%
Aug-1978 5.9%
Sep-1978 6.0%
Oct-1978 5.8%
Nov-1978 5.9%
Dec-1978 6.0%
Jan-1979 5.9%
Feb-1979 5.9%
Mar-1979 5.8%
Apr-1979 5.8%
May-1979 5.6%
Jun-1979 5.7%
Jul-1979 5.7%
Aug-1979 6.0%
Sep-1979 5.9%
Oct-1979 6.0%
Nov-1979 5.9%
Dec-1979 6.0%
Jan-1980 6.3%
Feb-1980 6.3%
Mar-1980 6.3%
Apr-1980 6.9%
May-1980 7.5%
Jun-1980 7.6%
Jul-1980 7.8%
Aug-1980 7.7%
Sep-1980 7.5%
Oct-1980 7.5%
Nov-1980 7.5%
Dec-1980 7.2%
Jan-1981 7.5%
Feb-1981 7.4%
Mar-1981 7.4%
Apr-1981 7.2%
May-1981 7.5%
Jun-1981 7.5%
Jul-1981 7.2%
Aug-1981 7.4%
Sep-1981 7.6%
Oct-1981 7.9%
Nov-1981 8.3%
Dec-1981 8.5%
Jan-1982 8.6%
Feb-1982 8.9%
Mar-1982 9.0%
Apr-1982 9.3%
May-1982 9.4%
Jun-1982 9.6%
Jul-1982 9.8%
Aug-1982 9.8%
Sep-1982 10.1%
Oct-1982 10.4%
Nov-1982 10.8%
Dec-1982 10.8%
Jan-1983 10.4%
Feb-1983 10.4%
Mar-1983 10.3%
Apr-1983 10.2%
May-1983 10.1%
Jun-1983 10.1%
Jul-1983 9.4%
Aug-1983 9.5%
Sep-1983 9.2%
Oct-1983 8.8%
Nov-1983 8.5%
Dec-1983 8.3%
Jan-1984 8.0%
Feb-1984 7.8%
Mar-1984 7.8%
Apr-1984 7.7%
May-1984 7.4%
Jun-1984 7.2%
Jul-1984 7.5%
Aug-1984 7.5%
Sep-1984 7.3%
Oct-1984 7.4%
Nov-1984 7.2%
Dec-1984 7.3%
Jan-1985 7.3%
Feb-1985 7.2%
Mar-1985 7.2%
Apr-1985 7.3%
May-1985 7.2%
Jun-1985 7.4%
Jul-1985 7.4%
Aug-1985 7.1%
Sep-1985 7.1%
Oct-1985 7.1%
Nov-1985 7.0%
Dec-1985 7.0%
Jan-1986 6.7%
Feb-1986 7.2%
Mar-1986 7.2%
Apr-1986 7.1%
May-1986 7.2%
Jun-1986 7.2%
Jul-1986 7.0%
Aug-1986 6.9%
Sep-1986 7.0%
Oct-1986 7.0%
Nov-1986 6.9%
Dec-1986 6.6%
Jan-1987 6.6%
Feb-1987 6.6%
Mar-1987 6.6%
Apr-1987 6.3%
May-1987 6.3%
Jun-1987 6.2%
Jul-1987 6.1%
Aug-1987 6.0%
Sep-1987 5.9%
Oct-1987 6.0%
Nov-1987 5.8%
Dec-1987 5.7%
Jan-1988 5.7%
Feb-1988 5.7%
Mar-1988 5.7%
Apr-1988 5.4%
May-1988 5.6%
Jun-1988 5.4%
Jul-1988 5.4%
Aug-1988 5.6%
Sep-1988 5.4%
Oct-1988 5.4%
Nov-1988 5.3%
Dec-1988 5.3%
Jan-1989 5.4%
Feb-1989 5.2%
Mar-1989 5.0%
Apr-1989 5.2%
May-1989 5.2%
Jun-1989 5.3%
Jul-1989 5.2%
Aug-1989 5.2%
Sep-1989 5.3%
Oct-1989 5.3%
Nov-1989 5.4%
Dec-1989 5.4%
Jan-1990 5.4%
Feb-1990 5.3%
Mar-1990 5.2%
Apr-1990 5.4%
May-1990 5.4%
Jun-1990 5.2%
Jul-1990 5.5%
Aug-1990 5.7%
Sep-1990 5.9%
Oct-1990 5.9%
Nov-1990 6.2%
Dec-1990 6.3%
Jan-1991 6.4%
Feb-1991 6.6%
Mar-1991 6.8%
Apr-1991 6.7%
May-1991 6.9%
Jun-1991 6.9%
Jul-1991 6.8%
Aug-1991 6.9%
Sep-1991 6.9%
Oct-1991 7.0%
Nov-1991 7.0%
Dec-1991 7.3%
Jan-1992 7.3%
Feb-1992 7.4%
Mar-1992 7.4%
Apr-1992 7.4%
May-1992 7.6%
Jun-1992 7.8%
Jul-1992 7.7%
Aug-1992 7.6%
Sep-1992 7.6%
Oct-1992 7.3%
Nov-1992 7.4%
Dec-1992 7.4%
Jan-1993 7.3%
Feb-1993 7.1%
Mar-1993 7.0%
Apr-1993 7.1%
May-1993 7.1%
Jun-1993 7.0%
Jul-1993 6.9%
Aug-1993 6.8%
Sep-1993 6.7%
Oct-1993 6.8%
Nov-1993 6.6%
Dec-1993 6.5%
Jan-1994 6.6%
Feb-1994 6.6%
Mar-1994 6.5%
Apr-1994 6.4%
May-1994 6.1%
Jun-1994 6.1%
Jul-1994 6.1%
Aug-1994 6.0%
Sep-1994 5.9%
Oct-1994 5.8%
Nov-1994 5.6%
Dec-1994 5.5%
Jan-1995 5.6%
Feb-1995 5.4%
Mar-1995 5.4%
Apr-1995 5.8%
May-1995 5.6%
Jun-1995 5.6%
Jul-1995 5.7%
Aug-1995 5.7%
Sep-1995 5.6%
Oct-1995 5.5%
Nov-1995 5.6%
Dec-1995 5.6%
Jan-1996 5.6%
Feb-1996 5.5%
Mar-1996 5.5%
Apr-1996 5.6%
May-1996 5.6%
Jun-1996 5.3%
Jul-1996 5.5%
Aug-1996 5.1%
Sep-1996 5.2%
Oct-1996 5.2%
Nov-1996 5.4%
Dec-1996 5.4%
Jan-1997 5.3%
Feb-1997 5.2%
Mar-1997 5.2%
Apr-1997 5.1%
May-1997 4.9%
Jun-1997 5.0%
Jul-1997 4.9%
Aug-1997 4.8%
Sep-1997 4.9%
Oct-1997 4.7%
Nov-1997 4.6%
Dec-1997 4.7%
Jan-1998 4.6%
Feb-1998 4.6%
Mar-1998 4.7%
Apr-1998 4.3%
May-1998 4.4%
Jun-1998 4.5%
Jul-1998 4.5%
Aug-1998 4.5%
Sep-1998 4.6%
Oct-1998 4.5%
Nov-1998 4.4%
Dec-1998 4.4%
Jan-1999 4.3%
Feb-1999 4.4%
Mar-1999 4.2%
Apr-1999 4.3%
May-1999 4.2%
Jun-1999 4.3%
Jul-1999 4.3%
Aug-1999 4.2%
Sep-1999 4.2%
Oct-1999 4.1%
Nov-1999 4.1%
Dec-1999 4.0%
Jan-2000 4.0%
Feb-2000 4.1%
Mar-2000 4.0%
Apr-2000 3.8%
May-2000 4.0%
Jun-2000 4.0%
Jul-2000 4.0%
Aug-2000 4.1%
Sep-2000 3.9%
Oct-2000 3.9%
Nov-2000 3.9%
Dec-2000 3.9%
Jan-2001 4.2%
Feb-2001 4.2%
Mar-2001 4.3%
Apr-2001 4.4%
May-2001 4.3%
Jun-2001 4.5%
Jul-2001 4.6%
Aug-2001 4.9%
Sep-2001 5.0%
Oct-2001 5.3%
Nov-2001 5.5%
Dec-2001 5.7%
Jan-2002 5.7%
Feb-2002 5.7%
Mar-2002 5.7%
Apr-2002 5.9%
May-2002 5.8%
Jun-2002 5.8%
Jul-2002 5.8%
Aug-2002 5.7%
Sep-2002 5.7%
Oct-2002 5.7%
Nov-2002 5.9%
Dec-2002 6.0%
Jan-2003 5.8%
Feb-2003 5.9%
Mar-2003 5.9%
Apr-2003 6.0%
May-2003 6.1%
Jun-2003 6.3%
Jul-2003 6.2%
Aug-2003 6.1%
Sep-2003 6.1%
Oct-2003 6.0%
Nov-2003 5.8%
Dec-2003 5.7%
Jan-2004 5.7%
Feb-2004 5.6%
Mar-2004 5.8%
Apr-2004 5.6%
May-2004 5.6%
Jun-2004 5.6%
Jul-2004 5.5%
Aug-2004 5.4%
Sep-2004 5.4%
Oct-2004 5.5%
Nov-2004 5.4%
Dec-2004 5.4%
Jan-2005 5.3%
Feb-2005 5.4%
Mar-2005 5.2%
Apr-2005 5.2%
May-2005 5.1%
Jun-2005 5.0%
Jul-2005 5.0%
Aug-2005 4.9%
Sep-2005 5.0%
Oct-2005 5.0%
Nov-2005 5.0%
Dec-2005 4.9%
Jan-2006 4.7%
Feb-2006 4.8%
Mar-2006 4.7%
Apr-2006 4.7%
May-2006 4.6%
Jun-2006 4.6%
Jul-2006 4.7%
Aug-2006 4.7%
Sep-2006 4.5%
Oct-2006 4.4%
Nov-2006 4.5%
Dec-2006 4.4%
Jan-2007 4.6%
Feb-2007 4.5%
Mar-2007 4.4%
Apr-2007 4.5%
May-2007 4.4%
Jun-2007 4.6%
Jul-2007 4.7%
Aug-2007 4.6%
Sep-2007 4.7%
Oct-2007 4.7%
Nov-2007 4.7%
Dec-2007 5.0%
Jan-2008 5.0%
Feb-2008 4.9%
Mar-2008 5.1%
Apr-2008 5.0%
May-2008 5.4%
Jun-2008 5.6%
Jul-2008 5.8%
Aug-2008 6.1%
Sep-2008 6.1%
Oct-2008 6.5%
Nov-2008 6.8%
Dec-2008 7.3%
Jan-2009 7.8%
Feb-2009 8.3%
Mar-2009 8.7%
Apr-2009 9.0%
May-2009 9.4%
Jun-2009 9.5%
Jul-2009 9.5%
Aug-2009 9.6%
Sep-2009 9.8%
Oct-2009 10.0%
Nov-2009 9.9%
Dec-2009 9.9%
Jan-2010 9.8%
Feb-2010 9.8%
Mar-2010 9.9%
Apr-2010 9.9%
May-2010 9.6%
Jun-2010 9.4%
Jul-2010 9.4%
Aug-2010 9.5%
Sep-2010 9.5%
Oct-2010 9.4%
Nov-2010 9.8%
Dec-2010 9.3%
Jan-2011 9.1%
Feb-2011 9.0%
Mar-2011 9.0%
Apr-2011 9.1%
May-2011 9.0%
Jun-2011 9.1%
Jul-2011 9.0%
Aug-2011 9.0%
Sep-2011 9.0%
Oct-2011 8.8%
Nov-2011 8.6%
Dec-2011 8.5%
Jan-2012 8.3%
Feb-2012 8.3%
Mar-2012 8.2%
Apr-2012 8.2%
May-2012 8.2%
Jun-2012 8.2%
Jul-2012 8.2%
Aug-2012 8.1%
Sep-2012 7.8%
Oct-2012 7.8%
Nov-2012 7.7%
Dec-2012 7.9%
Jan-2013 8.0%
Feb-2013 7.7%
Mar-2013 7.5%
Apr-2013 7.6%
May-2013 7.5%
Jun-2013 7.5%
Jul-2013 7.3%
Aug-2013 7.2%
Sep-2013 7.2%
Oct-2013 7.2%
Nov-2013 6.9%
Dec-2013 6.7%
Jan-2014 6.6%
Feb-2014 6.7%
Mar-2014 6.7%
Apr-2014 6.2%
May-2014 6.3%
Jun-2014 6.1%
Jul-2014 6.2%
Aug-2014 6.1%
Sep-2014 5.9%
Oct-2014 5.7%
Nov-2014 5.8%
Dec-2014 5.6%
Jan-2015 5.7%
Feb-2015 5.5%
Mar-2015 5.4%
Apr-2015 5.4%
May-2015 5.6%
Jun-2015 5.3%
Jul-2015 5.2%
Aug-2015 5.1%
Sep-2015 5.0%
Oct-2015 5.0%
Nov-2015 5.1%
Dec-2015 5.0%
Jan-2016 4.9%
Feb-2016 4.9%
Mar-2016 5.0%
Apr-2016 5.0%
May-2016 4.8%
Jun-2016 4.9%
Jul-2016 4.8%
Aug-2016 4.9%
Sep-2016 5.0%
Oct-2016 4.9%
Nov-2016 4.7%
Dec-2016 4.7%
Jan-2017 4.7%
Feb-2017 4.6%
Mar-2017 4.4%
Apr-2017 4.4%
May-2017 4.4%
Jun-2017 4.3%
Jul-2017 4.3%
Aug-2017 4.4%
Sep-2017 4.2%
Oct-2017 4.1%
Nov-2017 4.2%
Dec-2017 4.1%
Jan-2018 4.1%
Feb-2018 4.1%
Mar-2018 4.0%
Apr-2018 4.0%
May-2018 3.8%
Jun-2018 4.0%
Jul-2018 3.8%
Aug-2018 3.8%
Sep-2018 3.7%
Oct-2018 3.8%
Nov-2018 3.7%
Dec-2018 3.9%
Jan-2019 4.0%
Feb-2019 3.8%
Mar-2019 3.8%
Apr-2019 3.6%
May-2019 3.6%
Jun-2019 3.7%
Jul-2019 3.7%
Aug-2019 3.7%
Sep-2019 3.5%
Oct-2019 3.6%
Nov-2019 3.5%
Dec-2019 3.5%
Jan-2020 3.6%
Feb-2020 3.5%
Mar-2020 4.4%
Apr-2020 14.7%
May-2020 13.3%
Jun-2020 11.1%
Jul-2020 10.2%
Aug-2020 8.4%

 

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Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source:?EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey

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Unemployment rate of workers age 16 and older by race and ethnicity, 1995–2020

date White Black Hispanic
Jan-1995 4.8% 10.3% 10.2%
Feb-1995 4.7% 10.1% 9.0%
Mar-1995 4.7% 9.7% 8.9%
Apr-1995 5.0% 10.7% 8.9%
May-1995 5.0% 10.0% 9.8%
Jun-1995 4.9% 10.7% 9.1%
Jul-1995 4.9% 10.9% 8.8%
Aug-1995 4.9% 11.1% 9.6%
Sep-1995 4.9% 11.1% 9.1%
Oct-1995 4.9% 10.0% 9.4%
Nov-1995 5.0% 9.7% 9.5%
Dec-1995 4.9% 10.2% 9.3%
Jan-1996 4.9% 10.6% 9.4%
Feb-1996 4.8% 10.0% 9.6%
Mar-1996 4.8% 10.6% 9.6%
Apr-1996 4.8% 10.7% 9.6%
May-1996 4.9% 10.2% 9.6%
Jun-1996 4.6% 10.4% 8.8%
Jul-1996 4.7% 10.6% 8.8%
Aug-1996 4.4% 10.6% 8.8%
Sep-1996 4.5% 10.6% 8.2%
Oct-1996 4.5% 10.7% 8.0%
Nov-1996 4.6% 10.6% 8.5%
Dec-1996 4.6% 10.5% 7.4%
Jan-1997 4.5% 10.8% 8.4%
Feb-1997 4.5% 10.7% 8.2%
Mar-1997 4.4% 10.5% 8.3%
Apr-1997 4.3% 10.2% 8.2%
May-1997 4.1% 10.3% 7.7%
Jun-1997 4.2% 10.8% 7.5%
Jul-1997 4.2% 9.5% 7.9%
Aug-1997 4.2% 9.4% 7.2%
Sep-1997 4.2% 9.5% 7.4%
Oct-1997 4.1% 9.5% 7.8%
Nov-1997 3.9% 9.5% 7.0%
Dec-1997 3.9% 10.0% 7.3%
Jan-1998 4.0% 9.4% 7.1%
Feb-1998 3.9% 9.3% 6.9%
Mar-1998 4.0% 9.2% 6.9%
Apr-1998 3.7% 9.1% 6.7%
May-1998 3.8% 8.9% 6.9%
Jun-1998 3.9% 8.8% 7.4%
Jul-1998 3.8% 9.5% 7.3%
Aug-1998 3.9% 8.8% 7.4%
Sep-1998 3.9% 9.1% 7.3%
Oct-1998 3.9% 8.6% 7.2%
Nov-1998 3.8% 8.6% 7.1%
Dec-1998 3.8% 7.7% 7.7%
Jan-1999 3.8% 7.8% 6.7%
Feb-1999 3.8% 8.2% 6.7%
Mar-1999 3.6% 8.0% 5.8%
Apr-1999 3.8% 7.8% 7.0%
May-1999 3.7% 7.4% 6.7%
Jun-1999 3.8% 7.7% 6.6%
Jul-1999 3.7% 8.7% 6.5%
Aug-1999 3.7% 7.7% 6.5%
Sep-1999 3.6% 8.5% 6.7%
Oct-1999 3.5% 8.4% 6.4%
Nov-1999 3.5% 8.0% 6.0%
Dec-1999 3.5% 7.8% 5.8%
Jan-2000 3.4% 8.2% 5.6%
Feb-2000 3.6% 8.1% 5.7%
Mar-2000 3.5% 7.4% 6.1%
Apr-2000 3.4% 7% 5.5%
May-2000 3.5% 7.7% 5.8%
Jun-2000 3.4% 7.8% 5.6%
Jul-2000 3.5% 7.7% 5.8%
Aug-2000 3.6% 7.9% 5.9%
Sep-2000 3.5% 7.3% 5.8%
Oct-2000 3.4% 7.3% 5.1%
Nov-2000 3.5% 7.3% 6.0%
Dec-2000 3.5% 7.4% 5.7%
Jan-2001 3.6% 8.2% 5.8%
Feb-2001 3.7% 7.7% 6.1%
Mar-2001 3.7% 8.3% 6.2%
Apr-2001 3.9% 8.0% 6.4%
May-2001 3.8% 7.9% 6.3%
Jun-2001 4.0% 8.3% 6.6%
Jul-2001 4.0% 8.0% 6.2%
Aug-2001 4.3% 9.1% 6.5%
Sep-2001 4.3% 8.9% 6.7%
Oct-2001 4.7% 9.5% 7.1%
Nov-2001 4.9% 9.8% 7.3%
Dec-2001 5.1% 10.1% 7.7%
Jan-2002 5.1% 10.0% 7.8%
Feb-2002 5.0% 9.9% 7.0%
Mar-2002 5.0% 10.5% 7.5%
Apr-2002 5.2% 10.7% 8.0%
May-2002 5.1% 10.2% 7.1%
Jun-2002 5.1% 10.5% 7.4%
Jul-2002 5.2% 9.8% 7.4%
Aug-2002 5.1% 9.8% 7.5%
Sep-2002 5.1% 9.7% 7.4%
Oct-2002 5.1% 9.8% 7.9%
Nov-2002 5.1% 10.7% 7.8%
Dec-2002 5.1% 11.3% 7.9%
Jan-2003 5.2% 10.5% 7.9%
Feb-2003 5.1% 10.7% 7.7%
Mar-2003 5.1% 10.3% 7.8%
Apr-2003 5.3% 10.9% 7.6%
May-2003 5.4% 10.9% 8.0%
Jun-2003 5.5% 11.5% 8.3%
Jul-2003 5.4% 10.9% 8.0%
Aug-2003 5.4% 10.9% 7.7%
Sep-2003 5.3% 11.1% 7.3%
Oct-2003 5.1% 11.4% 7.5%
Nov-2003 5.2% 10.2% 7.4%
Dec-2003 5.0% 10.1% 6.7%
Jan-2004 5.0% 10.4% 7.3%
Feb-2004 4.9% 9.7% 7.4%
Mar-2004 5.1% 10.3% 7.6%
Apr-2004 5.0% 9.8% 7.1%
May-2004 4.9% 10.1% 6.9%
Jun-2004 5.0% 10.2% 6.6%
Jul-2004 4.7% 11.0% 6.8%
Aug-2004 4.7% 10.5% 6.8%
Sep-2004 4.6% 10.3% 6.8%
Oct-2004 4.6% 10.8% 6.8%
Nov-2004 4.6% 10.7% 6.7%
Dec-2004 4.5% 10.7% 6.6%
Jan-2005 4.5% 10.6% 6.0%
Feb-2005 4.6% 10.9% 6.3%
Mar-2005 4.5% 10.5% 5.8%
Apr-2005 4.4% 10.3% 6.4%
May-2005 4.4% 10.1% 6.0%
Jun-2005 4.3% 10.2% 5.7%
Jul-2005 4.2% 9.2% 5.5%
Aug-2005 4.2% 9.7% 5.8%
Sep-2005 4.4% 9.4% 6.4%
Oct-2005 4.4% 9.1% 6.0%
Nov-2005 4.3% 10.6% 6.1%
Dec-2005 4.2% 9.2% 6.1%
Jan-2006 4.1% 8.9% 5.5%
Feb-2006 4.1% 9.5% 5.4%
Mar-2006 4.0% 9.5% 5.2%
Apr-2006 4.1% 9.4% 5.5%
May-2006 4.1% 8.7% 5.0%
Jun-2006 4.1% 8.9% 5.2%
Jul-2006 4.1% 9.5% 5.2%
Aug-2006 4.1% 8.8% 5.3%
Sep-2006 3.9% 9.0% 5.5%
Oct-2006 3.9% 8.4% 4.8%
Nov-2006 4.0% 8.5% 5.1%
Dec-2006 3.9% 8.3% 5.0%
Jan-2007 4.2% 7.9% 5.5%
Feb-2007 4.1% 8.0% 5.1%
Mar-2007 3.8% 8.4% 5.0%
Apr-2007 4.0% 8.3% 5.6%
May-2007 3.9% 8.3% 5.8%
Jun-2007 4.1% 8.5% 5.5%
Jul-2007 4.2% 8.1% 5.9%
Aug-2007 4.2% 7.6% 5.5%
Sep-2007 4.2% 8.0% 5.9%
Oct-2007 4.1% 8.5% 5.7%
Nov-2007 4.2% 8.5% 5.9%
Dec-2007 4.4% 9.0% 6.3%
Jan-2008 4.4% 9.1% 6.3%
Feb-2008 4.4% 8.4% 6.2%
Mar-2008 4.5% 9.2% 6.9%
Apr-2008 4.4% 8.6% 7.1%
May-2008 4.8% 9.6% 6.9%
Jun-2008 5.0% 9.4% 7.6%
Jul-2008 5.2% 10.0% 7.5%
Aug-2008 5.4% 10.6% 8.0%
Sep-2008 5.4% 11.3% 8.0%
Oct-2008 5.9% 11.4% 8.8%
Nov-2008 6.2% 11.5% 8.7%
Dec-2008 6.7% 12.1% 9.4%
Jan-2009 7.1% 12.7% 10.1%
Feb-2009 7.6% 13.7% 11.3%
Mar-2009 8.0% 13.7% 11.7%
Apr-2009 8.1% 15.0% 11.4%
May-2009 8.5% 15.0% 12.3%
Jun-2009 8.7% 14.8% 12.1%
Jul-2009 8.7% 14.8% 12.5%
Aug-2009 8.9% 16.8% 13.0%
Sep-2009 8.9% 15.3% 12.6%
Oct-2009 9.2% 15.8% 12.8%
Nov-2009 9.2% 15.7% 12.4%
Dec-2009 9.0% 16.1% 12.8%
Jan-2010 8.8% 16.5% 12.9%
Feb-2010 8.9% 16.1% 12.7%
Mar-2010 8.9% 16.8% 13%
Apr-2010 9.0% 16.6% 12.5%
May-2010 8.7% 15.5% 12.0%
Jun-2010 8.6% 15.2% 12.3%
Jul-2010 8.5% 15.6% 12.2%
Aug-2010 8.6% 15.9% 12.0%
Sep-2010 8.6% 16.0% 12.3%
Oct-2010 8.6% 15.6% 12.3%
Nov-2010 8.9% 16.2% 12.9%
Dec-2010 8.5% 15.5% 12.9%
Jan-2011 8.1% 15.8% 12.3%
Feb-2011 8.1% 15.5% 11.8%
Mar-2011 8.0% 15.8% 11.6%
Apr-2011 8.1% 16.5% 11.9%
May-2011 7.9% 16.3% 11.6%
Jun-2011 8.1% 16.2% 11.5%
Jul-2011 8.0% 15.9% 11.2%
Aug-2011 7.9% 16.4% 11.2%
Sep-2011 7.9% 15.9% 11.2%
Oct-2011 7.9% 14.6% 11.3%
Nov-2011 7.7% 15.6% 11.2%
Dec-2011 7.5% 15.4% 11.1%
Jan-2012 7.4% 13.6% 10.7%
Feb-2012 7.4% 14.0% 10.9%
Mar-2012 7.3% 14.0% 10.6%
Apr-2012 7.4% 13.3% 10.3%
May-2012 7.4% 13.5% 10.9%
Jun-2012 7.3% 14.5% 10.9%
Jul-2012 7.3% 14.2% 10.2%
Aug-2012 7.2% 13.8% 10.1%
Sep-2012 7.0% 13.6% 9.7%
Oct-2012 6.9% 14.1% 10.0%
Nov-2012 6.8% 13.3% 9.9%
Dec-2012 6.9% 14.0% 9.6%
Jan-2013 7.1% 13.7% 9.7%
Feb-2013 6.8% 13.8% 9.7%
Mar-2013 6.7% 13.0% 9.3%
Apr-2013 6.7% 13.3% 9.0%
May-2013 6.7% 13.4% 9.0%
Jun-2013 6.6% 14.2% 9.1%
Jul-2013 6.5% 12.6% 9.4%
Aug-2013 6.4% 12.8% 9.2%
Sep-2013 6.3% 13.0% 8.8%
Oct-2013 6.3% 12.8% 9.1%
Nov-2013 6.1% 12.3% 8.7%
Dec-2013 5.9% 11.9% 8.3%
Jan-2014 5.7% 12.1% 8.3%
Feb-2014 5.8% 11.8% 8.2%
Mar-2014 5.8% 12.1% 7.9%
Apr-2014 5.3% 11.6% 7.2%
May-2014 5.4% 11.4% 7.7%
Jun-2014 5.3% 11.0% 7.8%
Jul-2014 5.3% 11.6% 7.7%
Aug-2014 5.3% 11.4% 7.4%
Sep-2014 5.1% 11.0% 6.8%
Oct-2014 4.9% 10.6% 6.8%
Nov-2014 5.0% 10.9% 6.6%
Dec-2014 4.7% 10.6% 6.4%
Jan-2015 4.9% 10.3% 6.7%
Feb-2015 4.7% 10.1% 6.8%
Mar-2015 4.8% 9.9% 6.8%
Apr-2015 4.7% 9.7% 6.8%
May-2015 4.8% 10.3% 6.8%
Jun-2015 4.6% 9.7% 6.7%
Jul-2015 4.5% 9.1% 6.9%
Aug-2015 4.4% 9.4% 6.6%
Sep-2015 4.4% 9.3% 6.2%
Oct-2015 4.4% 9.0% 6.3%
Nov-2015 4.4% 9.4% 6.4%
Dec-2015 4.4% 8.5% 6.2%
Jan-2016 4.2% 8.7% 5.8%
Feb-2016 4.3% 8.5% 5.4%
Mar-2016 4.3% 8.9% 5.5%
Apr-2016 4.4% 8.8% 6.1%
May-2016 4.2% 8.2% 5.6%
Jun-2016 4.3% 8.8% 5.9%
Jul-2016 4.2% 8.4% 5.5%
Aug-2016 4.3% 8.0% 5.6%
Sep-2016 4.4% 8.5% 6.4%
Oct-2016 4.4% 8.4% 5.8%
Nov-2016 4.2% 8.1% 5.8%
Dec-2016 4.2% 7.9% 5.9%
Jan-2017 4.2% 7.5% 5.8%
Feb-2017 4.0% 7.9% 5.5%
Mar-2017 3.9% 7.9% 5.0%
Apr-2017 3.9% 7.9% 5.1%
May-2017 3.8% 7.7% 5.2%
Jun-2017 3.8% 7.1% 4.9%
Jul-2017 3.7% 7.4% 5.1%
Aug-2017 3.8% 7.7% 5.2%
Sep-2017 3.7% 7.2% 5.1%
Oct-2017 3.5% 7.4% 4.9%
Nov-2017 3.7% 7.4% 4.8%
Dec-2017 3.7% 6.7% 5.0%
Jan-2018 3.5% 7.5% 5.0%
Feb-2018 3.7% 6.7% 4.9%
Mar-2018 3.6% 6.8% 5.0%
Apr-2018 3.6% 6.4% 4.8%
May-2018 3.5% 5.9% 4.9%
Jun-2018 3.5% 6.5% 4.5%
Jul-2018 3.3% 6.6% 4.4%
Aug-2018 3.4% 6.3% 4.7%
Sep-2018 3.3% 6.2% 4.6%
Oct-2018 3.3% 6.3% 4.4%
Nov-2018 3.4% 6.1% 4.5%
Dec-2018 3.4% 6.6% 4.4%
Jan-2019 3.5% 6.8% 4.8%
Feb-2019 3.3% 6.9% 4.3%
Mar-2019 3.4% 6.6% 4.7%
Apr-2019 3.1% 6.6% 4.2%
May-2019 3.3% 6.2% 4.2%
Jun-2019 3.3% 6.0% 4.3%
Jul-2019 3.3% 5.9% 4.5%
Aug-2019 3.4% 5.4% 4.2%
Sep-2019 3.2% 5.5% 3.9%
Oct-2019 3.2% 5.5% 4.1%
Nov-2019 3.2% 5.6% 4.2%
Dec-2019 3.2% 5.9% 4.2%
Jan-2020 3.1% 6.0% 4.3%
Feb-2020 3.1% 5.8% 4.4%
Mar-2020 4.0% 6.7% 6.0%
Apr-2020 14.2% 16.7% 18.9%
May-2020 12.4% 16.8% 17.6%
Jun-2020 10.1% 15.4% 14.5%
Jul-2020 9.2% 14.6% 12.9%
Aug-2020 7.3% 13% 10.5%

 

ChartData Download data

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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey, public data series

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Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month

Date Share of newly employed workers who said that they were not actively searching for work in the previous month
Apr-1990 61.91%
May-1990 62.55%
Jun-1990 61.98%
Jul-1990 62.01%
Aug-1990 61.56%
Sep-1990 62.30%
Oct-1990 61.03%
Nov-1990 61.24%
Dec-1990 60.36%
Jan-1991 59.87%
Feb-1991 58.97%
Mar-1991 58.51%
Apr-1991 57.68%
May-1991 57.58%
Jun-1991 57.20%
Jul-1991 58.03%
Aug-1991 57.75%
Sep-1991 57.72%
Oct-1991 57.27%
Nov-1991 56.94%
Dec-1991 57.05%
Jan-1992 56.81%
Feb-1992 57.08%
Mar-1992 57.11%
Apr-1992 57.16%
May-1992 57.30%
Jun-1992 56.58%
Jul-1992 56.42%
Aug-1992 56.13%
Sep-1992 55.95%
Oct-1992 55.74%
Nov-1992 55.83%
Dec-1992 56.14%
Jan-1993 56.61%
Feb-1993 57.70%
Mar-1993 58.25%
Apr-1993 58.41%
May-1993 58.24%
Jun-1993 58.06%
Jul-1993 57.54%
Aug-1993 57.51%
Sep-1993 58.03%
Oct-1993 58.92%
Nov-1993 58.48%
Dec-1993 58.30%
Jan-1994 58.76%
Feb-1994 59.24%
Mar-1994 59.09%
Apr-1994 58.66%
May-1994 58.31%
Jun-1994 58.47%
Jul-1994 58.58%
Aug-1994 59.04%
Sep-1994 59.14%
Oct-1994 59.80%
Nov-1994 60.09%
Dec-1994 60.32%
Jan-1995 60.35%
Feb-1995 59.53%
Mar-1995 59.69%
Apr-1995 59.74%
May-1995 59.22%
Jun-1995 59.54%
Jul-1995 59.50%
Aug-1995 59.97%
Sep-1995 60.22%
Oct-1995 59.86%
Nov-1995 60.61%
Dec-1995 59.90%
Jan-1996 59.78%
Feb-1996 60.28%
Mar-1996 60.69%
Apr-1996 60.99%
May-1996 60.71%
Jun-1996 60.85%
Jul-1996 61.46%
Aug-1996 60.78%
Sep-1996 60.92%
Oct-1996 60.24%
Nov-1996 60.56%
Dec-1996 59.62%
Jan-1997 59.08%
Feb-1997 58.93%
Mar-1997 60.28%
Apr-1997 61.40%
May-1997 61.77%
Jun-1997 61.13%
Jul-1997 60.35%
Aug-1997 61.26%
Sep-1997 61.89%
Oct-1997 62.50%
Nov-1997 62.69%
Dec-1997 62.83%
Jan-1998 63.34%
Feb-1998 62.70%
Mar-1998 62.88%
Apr-1998 62.38%
May-1998 63.49%
Jun-1998 63.25%
Jul-1998 64.18%
Aug-1998 63.98%
Sep-1998 65.24%
Oct-1998 65.14%
Nov-1998 65.06%
Dec-1998 64.93%
Jan-1999 65.59%
Feb-1999 65.54%
Mar-1999 64.20%
Apr-1999 65.28%
May-1999 66.12%
Jun-1999 67.42%
Jul-1999 66.38%
Aug-1999 65.65%
Sep-1999 65.35%
Oct-1999 65.50%
Nov-1999 65.26%
Dec-1999 65.11%
Jan-2000 64.37%
Feb-2000 65.40%
Mar-2000 65.66%
Apr-2000 65.87%
May-2000 65.60%
Jun-2000 65.92%
Jul-2000 65.39%
Aug-2000 65.47%
Sep-2000 65.60%
Oct-2000 66.51%
Nov-2000 67.39%
Dec-2000 68.09%
Jan-2001 69.03%
Feb-2001 68.55%
Mar-2001 67.91%
Apr-2001 66.88%
May-2001 65.76%
Jun-2001 65.32%
Jul-2001 65.75%
Aug-2001 66.18%
Sep-2001 66.57%
Oct-2001 65.46%
Nov-2001 64.39%
Dec-2001 62.92%
Jan-2002 62.56%
Feb-2002 62.33%
Mar-2002 61.68%
Apr-2002 61.94%
May-2002 62.81%
Jun-2002 64.43%
Jul-2002 64.51%
Aug-2002 64.04%
Sep-2002 63.05%
Oct-2002 63.07%
Nov-2002 63.70%
Dec-2002 64.09%
Jan-2003 64.21%
Feb-2003 64.19%
Mar-2003 64.49%
Apr-2003 64.28%
May-2003 63.65%
Jun-2003 63.54%
Jul-2003 63.05%
Aug-2003 63.24%
Sep-2003 63.43%
Oct-2003 64.32%
Nov-2003 64.73%
Dec-2003 63.66%
Jan-2004 63.62%
Feb-2004 63.43%
Mar-2004 64.88%
Apr-2004 64.32%
May-2004 64.29%
Jun-2004 63.73%
Jul-2004 64.21%
Aug-2004 64.54%
Sep-2004 64.10%
Oct-2004 64.23%
Nov-2004 63.98%
Dec-2004 64.44%
Jan-2005 64.64%
Feb-2005 64.77%
Mar-2005 64.87%
Apr-2005 65.12%
May-2005 65.76%
Jun-2005 66.09%
Jul-2005 66.57%
Aug-2005 65.87%
Sep-2005 66.54%
Oct-2005 66.17%
Nov-2005 65.95%
Dec-2005 65.92%
Jan-2006 65.79%
Feb-2006 67.29%
Mar-2006 67.26%
Apr-2006 67.64%
May-2006 67.31%
Jun-2006 67.18%
Jul-2006 66.71%
Aug-2006 66.40%
Sep-2006 65.90%
Oct-2006 66.91%
Nov-2006 67.63%
Dec-2006 68.30%
Jan-2007 68.03%
Feb-2007 67.01%
Mar-2007 66.48%
Apr-2007 65.82%
May-2007 66.20%
Jun-2007 67.60%
Jul-2007 67.68%
Aug-2007 67.56%
Sep-2007 66.87%
Oct-2007 66.99%
Nov-2007 67.49%
Dec-2007 66.60%
Jan-2008 66.40%
Feb-2008 65.45%
Mar-2008 65.60%
Apr-2008 64.74%
May-2008 65.14%
Jun-2008 64.94%
Jul-2008 65.27%
Aug-2008 64.24%
Sep-2008 62.91%
Oct-2008 62.13%
Nov-2008 61.91%
Dec-2008 62.30%
Jan-2009 62.22%
Feb-2009 61.64%
Mar-2009 60.79%
Apr-2009 59.80%
May-2009 59.64%
Jun-2009 58.27%
Jul-2009 57.46%
Aug-2009 56.99%
Sep-2009 56.76%
Oct-2009 57.64%
Nov-2009 56.75%
Dec-2009 57.69%
Jan-2010 57.86%
Feb-2010 58.77%
Mar-2010 58.67%
Apr-2010 57.39%
May-2010 56.43%
Jun-2010 56.57%
Jul-2010 57.23%
Aug-2010 58.44%
Sep-2010 58.81%
Oct-2010 58.89%
Nov-2010 58.93%
Dec-2010 58.43%
Jan-2011 59.14%
Feb-2011 59.47%
Mar-2011 60.14%
Apr-2011 60.35%
May-2011 60.22%
Jun-2011 59.68%
Jul-2011 59.78%
Aug-2011 59.58%
Sep-2011 60.64%
Oct-2011 59.75%
Nov-2011 59.83%
Dec-2011 59.07%
Jan-2012 59.15%
Feb-2012 59.13%
Mar-2012 59.43%
Apr-2012 60.28%
May-2012 60.91%
Jun-2012 61.59%
Jul-2012 61.78%
Aug-2012 62.33%
Sep-2012 62.28%
Oct-2012 61.99%
Nov-2012 61.84%
Dec-2012 62.51%
Jan-2013 62.22%
Feb-2013 61.55%
Mar-2013 61.63%
Apr-2013 63.06%
May-2013 63.46%
Jun-2013 63.16%
Jul-2013 62.29%
Aug-2013 62.90%
Sep-2013 63.49%
Oct-2013 64.29%
Nov-2013 64.11%
Dec-2013 63.55%
Jan-2014 63.95%
Feb-2014 63.56%
Mar-2014 63.91%
Apr-2014 62.79%
May-2014 64.24%
Jun-2014 64.45%
Jul-2014 66.02%
Aug-2014 65.52%
Sep-2014 65.33%
Oct-2014 64.91%
Nov-2014 65.27%
Dec-2014 65.75%
Jan-2015 67.20%
Feb-2015 67.84%
Mar-2015 68.47%
Apr-2015 68.06%
May-2015 68.53%
Jun-2015 68.09%
Jul-2015 68.85%
Aug-2015 68.61%
Sep-2015 68.80%
Oct-2015 68.65%
Nov-2015 68.53%
Dec-2015 68.95%
Jan-2016 68.73%
Feb-2016 69.90%
Mar-2016 70.65%
Apr-2016 70.84%
May-2016 69.70%
Jun-2016 68.98%
Jul-2016 68.67%
Aug-2016 69.41%
Sep-2016 69.23%
Oct-2016 68.25%
Nov-2016 67.52%
Dec-2016 68.62%
Jan-2017 69.51%
Feb-2017 69.30%
Mar-2017 69.20%
Apr-2017 69.62%
May-2017 70.17%
Jun-2017 70.40%
Jul-2017 69.87%
Aug-2017 70.59%
Sep-2017 70.44%
Oct-2017 70.67%
Nov-2017 70.51%
Dec-2017 70.49%
Jan-2018 71.39%
Feb-2018 71.35%
Mar-2018 71.19%
Apr-2018 70.99%
May-2018 71.19%
Jun-2018 72.20%
Jul-2018 72.68%
Aug-2018 72.86%
Sep-2018 72.97%
Oct-2018 72.90%
Nov-2018 72.88%
Dec-2018 72.80%
Jan-2019 72.56%
Feb-2019 72.67%
Mar-2019 72.00%
Apr-2019 72.10%
May-2019 73.00%
Jun-2019 73.70%
Jul-2019 74.18%
Aug-2019 73.85%
Sep-2019 73.74%
Oct-2019 74.53%
Nov-2019 74.45%
Dec-2019 74.20%
Jan-2020 73.21%
Feb-2020 72.63%
Mar-2020 73.14%
Apr-2020 73.09%
May-2020 62.75%
Jun-2020 50.42%
Jul-2020 41.23%
Aug-2020 44.44%

 

ChartData Download data

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Note: Because of volatility in these data, the line reflects three month moving averages

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Flows: Unemployed to Employed (16 Years and Over) [LNS17100000], and Not in Labor Force to Employed (16 years and over) [LNS17200000], retrieved from FRED (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis).

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